Conjunctivitis in Men

Conjunctivitis in Men

Image: www.freeimages.com

Image: www.freeimages.com

Conjunctivitis or ‘pink eye’ is a common issue of the eyes, especially in the periods when viruses and bacteria have been spread around. It occurs very often as the side effect of some kind of infection or flu. Medicine identifies four types of conjunctivitis: allergic, bacterial, viral and chemical. It is not a serious health risk in the most cases, but if lasts more than 3-4 days it requires medical treatment. Conjunctivitis is an inflammation that irritates the transparent membrane or conjunctiva of the eye. The article “Conjunctivitis” explains the causes as well as symptoms and complications of conjunctivitis.

Conjunctivitis in Men

Causes of Conjunctivitis

The most common causes of conjunctivitis are viruses and bacteria, but other causes include allergies, ultraviolet light, and chemical or environmental irritants.

Viral conjunctivitis is caused by the same viruses that are also often responsible for the common cold. These viruses are highly contagious (easily spread from person to person), and anyone can transfer the virus to his or her eye by blowing their nose with their eyes open or rubbing their eyes.

Bacterial conjunctivitis is caused by various types of bacteria. Bacterial conjunctivitis is also contagious and usually requires a short course of antibiotic eye drops or ointment.

Allergic conjunctivitis is not contagious and usually occurs in the spring, summer, and early fall. It is usually triggered by exposure to plant pollen and grasses. People who are allergic to animals or dust mites may be affected year-round.

Chemical or irritative conjunctivitis is also not contagious and is caused by exposure to irritants including:

• chlorine from swimming pools
• contact lens solutions
• cosmetics
• foreign objects
• injury to the eye
• intense light (i.e., snow blindness)
• smoke

Conjunctivitis may also occur in people with certain medical conditions. These include thyroid disease, gout, certain types of cancer, tuberculosis, and syphilis.

Symptoms and Complications of Conjunctivitis

Signs and symptoms of conjunctivitis include:

• burning, scratchy, or gritty feeling
• pus-like discharge
• redness
• sensitivity to light
• tearing

Serious complications of conjunctivitis are very rare.

Similarly, as in any other health issue, the prevention can make a huge difference. Applying few simple tips on hygiene can prevent infection of conjunctiva and control the spread of conjunctivitis if happens. Keeping the hands away from the eyes, washing the hands regularly, using a clean towel and not share it with others are the key points that will protect the eyes from irritation and reduce the possibility of infection. In case of viral conjunctivitis, intake of vitamins and supplements that can improve immune system will keep not only the eyes from inflammation, but also the body from the flu. Since this eye condition is the one of the first symptoms of the flu, it can warn us timely.

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